All over the world, sand dunes are the natural occurrance resulting from decades, centuries, and even millennia of windblown sand and harsh weather conditions, forming in arid desert regions or, sometimes, as leftovers from ancient lakes and ocean beds.
Stunning landscapes can be enjoyed from the top of a sand dune, and many recreational activities such as sand boarding and sand duning can be enjoyed on these peaks. But where can you find the most extraordinary dunes, those as tall as mountains? South America is home to the biggest dunes on the planet, but some huge peaks can be found in Asia and the US, too. Even Europe, which does not have any deserts, is home to some impressive sand hills. Let’s find out what they are:
World’s Tallest Dunes
Duna Federico Kirbus – Catamarca, Argentina
The Duna Federico Kirbus is the highest dune in the world, measuring a whopping 1234 meters in height (2845 above sea level). It was named after Argentinian journalist and researcher Federico B. Kirbus who discovered its real height. The dune is part of the Bolsón de Fiambalá, a semicircular sand valley filled with huge sand hills.
Height: 1234 meters / 4048 feet
Read also: Sand Surfing in Argentina
Duna Grande – Nazca, Peru
Duna Grande, sometimes also called Cerro Marcha, is the tallest dune of Peru, a country filled with vast sand dune fields. It is located in Vista Alegre, in the province of Nazca in the Ica region.
Height: 924 meters / 3031 feet
Cerro Blanco – Nazca, Peru
Another huge dune near Nazca, Cerro Blanco is sometimes considered the tallest dune in the world – with an altitude of 2080 meters above sea level, but with a rocky base of approximately 1300 meters, and a sand slope of “only” 780 meters. It is one of the most popular sandboarding destinations in Peru, and also one of the most challenging, requiring a 3-hour hike to reach the top before sliding on a very steep slope.
Height: 780 meters / 2559 feet
Read also: Sand Surfing in Nazca
Badain Jaran Dunes – Gobi Desert, China
The Badain Jaran desert in Inner Mongolia has the largest stationary dunes on Earth. The Wushumu dune is the tallest peak with over 500 meters in height.
Height: 528 meters / 1574 feet
Rig-e Yalan Dune – Lut Desert, Iran
The Rig-e Yalan dunes are the highest sand dune in the Lut desert in Iran. The sand hill area expands for 150 km north to south, 70 km east to west, and is one of the hottest places on Earth
Height: 480 meters
Dune 7 – Namib Desert, Namibia
The tallest peak in Namibia takes the name of Dune 7, because it is the seventh dune one encounters after crossing the river Tsauchab. It is located in Walvis Bay and a popular sandboarding and sand climbing spot.
Height: 383 meters / 1256 feet
Big Daddy – Sossuvlei, Namibia
Another very tall dune in the Namib Desert, the so-called Big Daddy dune, located in the Sossuvlei area.
Height: 325 meters / 1066 feet
Tallest Sand Dunes in North America
Star Dune – Great Sand Dunes National Park, Colorado
The Star Dune at the Great Sand Dunes National park in Colorado is the tallest dune in North America, measuring about 230 m from base to top. The dunes are also a popular sandboarding destination in Colorado.
Height: 230 meters / 750 feet
Read also: Sand dunes in Colorado
Eureka Dunes – Death Valley National Park, California
The Eureka Dunes are the tallest dunes in California, located in the remote Eureka Valley, an enclosed basin at 3000 foot elevation located northwest of Death Valley.
Height: 146 m / 480 feet
Read also: Sand surfing in California’s Mojave Desert
Tallest Sand Dunes in Europe
Dune du Pilat – La Teste-de-Buch, France
The highest dune of Europe is located in France and takes the name of Dune du Pilat. It extends for over 600 meters in the French department of Gironde, near the Arcachon basin. The white sand hills are more than 120 meters high and with their 60 million cubic meters of sand accumulated and shaped by the wind they have incorporated houses, roads and even a forest. The natural landscape of the immense quartz dune is truly surprising for the shape, color and light it gives between the beach and the forest. The sand mountain is constantly changing and has a color that varies from white to pink gold, enhanced by the blue of the sea and the luxuriant forest that surround it.
Read also: Sandboarding at Dune du Pilat