Last Updated on February 3, 2024

The Pustinja Kalahari je ogroman pješčani bazen koji se proteže od rijeke Orange do Angole, na zapadu do Namibije i na istoku do Zimbabvea.

Pustinja Kalahari pokriva površinu od preko 900,000 sq km. Kalahari ima ogromna područja prekrivena crvenim pijeskom bez ikakve trajne površinske vode. Vjetar je oblikovao pješčane grebene, koje su neke od vrlo tipičnih mjesta krajolika u Kalahari.

Prema riječima stručnjaka, pustinja je nastala zbog hladne struje koja dolazi iz regije Benguela, koji dovodi vodenu paru iz Južne Afrike na kontinent, uglavnom preko ovog regiona.

Kondenzacija uzrokuje da vruće vazdušne mase stignu sa suvim nivoima koji formiraju pustinju. Ime je izvedeno od riječi kgalagadi na jeziku Tswana i znači "velika žeđ".

Pustinja Kalahari, Južna Afrika
Pustinja Kalahari

Klima

Ime Kalahari na jeziku Tswana otprilike se prevodi kao "velika žeđ" ili "mjesto bez vode", To je užarena klima, naravno, ali znatno kišovitije od običnih pustinja.

Klima u pustinja Kalahari ljeti doživljava neke od vrlo visokih temperatura a u regionu ima male količine padavina.

Ova pustinja comes to full life in the rainy season, sa travnatim površinama, niskim šikarom i šumom i puno divljeg sveta oko nje.

Zbog padavina u pojedinim pustinjskim područjima odvija se i ispaša i određene poljoprivredne aktivnosti.

Populacija

The population of the Kalahari region is comprised primarily of two distinct groups: the San and the Khoikhoi. The San people are known for their nomadic way of life, wherein they travel from place to place in search of food and resources. S druge strane, the Khoikhoi people are a mixture of hunters and farmers, who tend to stay in one place for longer periods of time.

In addition to these two groups, the area has also seen an influx of Tswana and Herero herders, who bring their own unique cultures and traditions to the region. Sveukupno, the population of the Kalahari is diverse and dynamic, reflecting the many different ways that humans can thrive in this challenging environment.

Nacionalni parkovi

The Kalahari Desert is not just an arid wasteland, but rather a rich and vibrant ecosystem that supports a wide variety of wildlife. Zapravo, it is one of the most important wildlife sanctuaries in all of Africa, and is home to countless species of animals and birds.

From majestic lions and leopards, to nimble antelope and gazelles, the Kalahari is a veritable paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts alike. And with the establishment of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, this stunning region has become a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.

The Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is a unique conservation area that spans the border between South Africa and Botswana. It is the result of a merger between two national parks: the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park in South Africa and the Gemsbok National Park in Botswana. Together, these parks form one of the largest game reserves in all of Africa, and provide a safe haven for the animals and birds that call the Kalahari home.

Desert Travel: Sossusvlei Lodge, šest pojasa, Namibija
Sossuvlei Lodge, Pustinja Kalahari


Facts about the Kalahari Desert

  • The Kalahari Desert is not a true desert, as it receives more rainfall than most deserts. Umjesto toga, it is classified as a semi-arid region.
  • The Kalahari Desert is known for its red sand dunes, which are made up of iron oxide-rich sand that gives them their distinctive color. These dunes are some of the highest in the world, reaching heights of up to 300 metara.
  • Despite being a harsh and seemingly inhospitable place, the Kalahari Desert is home to a rich and diverse ecosystem, and is an important habitat for many species of plants and animals.
  • The Kalahari Desert is home to a number of unique plant species, including the baobab tree, which can store up to 120,000 liters of water and has a lifespan of up to 3,000 godine.
  • The Kalahari Desert is home to a variety of wildlife, including predators such as lions, hyenas, and cheetahs, as well as herbivores like antelopes, žirafe, and elephants.

Read also about: Pustinja Sahara


Sand-boarding.com logo ikona

Vaš izvor informacija broj 1 o svijetu pješčanih sportova i pustinjskih avanturističkih putovanja. Naši članci su rezultat opsežnog istraživanja, lično iskustvo, i razmjenu znanja unutar globalne zajednice sandboardinga.