Last Updated on August 4, 2022
The Kalahari Desert is a huge sand basin which stretches from Orange River up to Angola, in the west to Namibia and in the east to Zimbabwe. The Kalahari Desert covers an area of over 900,000 sq km. Kalahari has vast areas covered by red sand without any permanent surface water. The wind shaped the sand ridges, which are some of very typical sites of the landscape in the Kalahari.
According to experts the desert was formed because of the cold current coming from the Benguela region, which brings water vapor from South Africa into the continent, mainly through this region. The condensation causes the hot air masses to arrive with dry levels forming the desert. The name is derived from the word kgalagadi in the Tswana language and means “the great thirst”.
The name Kalahari in the Tswana language translates roughly as “the great thirst” or “place without water”, It is a scorching climate, of course, but considerably rainier than regular deserts. The climate of the Kalahari Desert experiences some of the very high temperatures in summer and there are small amount of rainfall in the region. This desert comes in full life in the rainy season, with grass lands low thorn scrub and forest and a lot of wild life around it. Due to rainfall in certain areas of the desert grazing and some amount of agricultural activities also takes place.
Kalahari’s human inhabitants are mainly San and Khoikhoi. San are nomadic hunters, while Khoikhoi are hunters and farmers. Tswana and Herero herders have also moved into the area. The Kalahari has become a popular tourist destination as it is the site of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.
The Kalahari Desert is the Africa’s recent wildlife paradise as well. One of Africa’s largest game reserves, it is a sanctuary for the animals and birds of the Kalahari. The park combines South Africa’s Kalahari Gemsbok National Park established in the year 1931 and Botswana’s Gemsbok National Park established in 1938.
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