Last Updated on August 17, 2022

A sand quarry is a sand depression that results from digging or mining the ground. Quarries generally are created when hard mineral deposits such as rock, marble, clay, gravel, and sandstones are mined.

A quarry is a type of open-pit mine, because it is open to the Earth’s surface. They can often be several miles deep.

Aggregate is what is extracted from a quarry in terms of sand, gravel, or crushed rock. Concrete and asphalt are made from aggregate, which is also used in construction to build sturdy foundations for things like highways and train tracks.

Sand Quarry near Sandiway, United Kingdom
Sand Quarry near Sandiway, United Kingdom

The largest sand quarries in the world

1. Thornton Quarry – Thornton, Illinois

One of the biggest aggregate quarries in the world, Thornton Quarry is located in Thornton, Illinois, just south of Chicago. The quarry has a length of 1.5 miles (2.5 km), a width of 0.5 miles (1 km), and reaches a maximum depth of 450 feet (137.16 m).

2. The Rock – Mount Airy, North Carolina

The world’s largest open-faced granite quarry, locally referred to as The Rock, is located in Mount Airy, North Carolina.
The total size of the granite deposit is around 11 km long, 2 km wide, and 2.5 km deep. Over 60 acres of the site’s rock are exposed.

3. Rogers City Quarry – Rogres City, Michigan

The largest limestone quarry in the world is run by The Michigan Limestone and Chemical Company (also known as Michigan Limestone), and it is situated close to Rogers City, Michigan. In the northeastern region of Northern Michigan, next to Alpena and to the south of Rogers City, along the shore of Lake Huron, are the deposits extracted at the quarry.

List of noticeable quarries worldwide


Bombo Headland Quarry Geological Site
Boogardie quarry
Boya, Western Australia
Cronulla sand dunes
Moorooduc Quarry Flora and Fauna Reserve
Mount Gibraltar Trachyte Quarries Complex
Portland Cement Works Precinct
Prospect Hill (New South Wales)
Seaham Quarry
Statham’s Quarry


Butchart Gardens
Connolly’s quarry
Don Valley Brick Works
French Fort Cove
Hammerstone Project
Mary’s Point
Miron Quarry
Walcott Quarry


Cotta Sandstone
Elbe Sandstone
Grillenburg Sandstone
Hohburg Hills
Königshain Hills
Posta Sandstone
Reinhardtsdorf Sandstone
Wunsiedel Marble




Çikatovë e Vjeter
Korroticë e Epërme



United Kingdom

Capernwray Dive Centre
Dinorwic quarry
Dorothea quarry
Eccleston Quarry
National Diving and Activity Centre
Slickstones Quarry, Cromhall
Stoney Cove

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