Son Güncelleme Haziran'da 11, 2023

The Desert of Maine is a pseudo-desert and privately-owned tourist attraction in Freeport, Maine.

It comprises a 40-acre expanse of barren glacial sand in a non-arid region, captivating visitors with its natural curiosity.

This captivating destination, resulting from poor farming practices in the 19th century, offers an intriguing blend of geological and historical significance.

Although not a true desert with its annual rainfall of 40 inç (100 santimetre), this sandy landscape devoid of vegetation possesses an uncanny resemblance to its arid counterparts.

Maine Çölü. Serbest liman, Maine.
Maine Çölü. Serbest liman, Maine.

Why is There a Desert in Maine?

The Desert of Maine is not technically a desert because it receives more than 10 inches of precipitation annually.

Yine de, the area does have a desert-like appearance, with rolling sand dunes and sparse vegetation. This is due to a combination of natural and human factors.

The natural factors that have contributed to the formation of the Desert of Maine include:

  • Glacial rebound: When the glaciers retreated from Maine about 10,000 Yıllar önce, they left behind a layer of loose sand. This sand was easily blown by the wind, forming the sand dunes that we see today.
  • Wind-blown sand deposition: The wind continues to blow sand into the area, further contributing to the formation of the dunes.

The human factors that have contributed to the formation of the Desert of Maine include:

  • Farming: 19. yüzyılda, farmers began to clear the land in the area for farming. This removed the vegetation that helped to stabilize the sand dunes, allowing them to move more freely.
  • Mining: In the early 20th century, mining operations began in the area. This also removed vegetation, further contributing to the movement of the sand dunes.

History of the Maine Desert

During the last ice age, yaklaşık olarak 15,000 Yıllar önce, the entire region of New England, including coastal Maine, was covered by the massive Laurentide Ice Sheet.

This enormous ice sheet, reaching up to 3,000 metre (hemen hemen 2 mil) in thickness, exerted immense pressure on the land, causing coastal areas of Maine to sink below sea level.

At its lowest point, the land in the area that would eventually become the Desert of Maine was submerged 175-245 meters below its current elevations.

As the glaciers gradually melted around 13,500 Yıllar önce, the land in Maine began to rebound, rising above sea level. It was during this process that the future Desert of Maine started to emerge from beneath the sea.

Mesai, etrafında 12,500 Yıllar önce, the area became a receptacle for wind-blown sand, and pioneer plants likely began to colonize and stabilize the open sand deposits. Within a few hundred years, a forest likely took root, effectively stabilizing the sand.

The Tuttle family, who owned the land in the early 1800s, played a particularly significant role in the formation of the Desert of Maine.

Their farming practices, which included overgrazing and the use of poor agricultural techniques, led to the erosion of the topsoil and the exposure of the underlying sand.

Bu, in turn, made the area more susceptible to wind erosion, which further contributed to the formation of the sand dunes.


New owners bring new life to Desert of Maine. Kaynak: WMTW-TV.

Turizm

Bugün, the Desert of Maine is a popular tourist destination. Visitors can explore the sand dunes, hike the trails, and learn about the area’s unique history.

Things to do include:

  • Hike or walk on the sand dunes. The Desert of Maine is home to a variety of sand dunes, which are perfect for hiking or walking. The dunes are also a great place to fly a kite or build a sandcastle.
  • Visit the natural playground. The Desert of Maine has a one-of-a-kind natural playground that is perfect for kids of all ages. The playground features a lookout tower, swings, a slide, a log jumble, a cargo net, a seesaw, and a moose play structure.
  • Play a round of mini golf. The Desert of Maine has a unique mini golf course that is perfect for the whole family. The course features beautiful landscaping, waterfalls, and sculptures from the Desert’s history.
  • Camp in the campground. Maine Çölü, çölün güzelliğini yakından yaşamak isteyenler için mükemmel bir kamp alanına sahiptir.. Kamp alanı sakin bir bölgede yer almaktadır, uzun çam ağaçlarıyla çevrili tenha bir yer, kum tepeleri, ve hafif bir akıntı.

Bu etkinliklerin yanı sıra, Maine Çölü'nde yapılacak çok sayıda başka şey de var. Ziyaretçiler Çölün tarihi hakkında bilgi edinebilir, rehberli bir tura çıkın, ya da sadece rahatlayın ve doğal çevrenin güzelliğinin tadını çıkarın.

oraya varmak

Maine Çölü şurada bulunur: 95 Çöl Yolu, Serbest liman, Maine 04032. Hakkında 15 Portland'dan kilometrelerce uzakta.

  • Arabayla, çıkmak için I-95'i kullanın 19 ve Freeport tabelalarını takip edin. Maine Çölü Çöl Yolu üzerinde yer almaktadır, ABD'nin hemen dışında. Rota 1.
  • Otobüs ile, Greyhound Lines Freeport'a hizmet sunuyor. Otobüs durağı Ana Cadde üzerinde bulunmaktadır, Maine Çölü'nden yaklaşık bir mil uzakta.
  • Trenle, Amtrak offers service to Brunswick, Maine, hangisi hakkında 10 miles from Freeport. The train station is located in downtown Brunswick, and there is a free shuttle that runs to Freeport.

Once you arrive in Freeport, you can walk, bike, or drive to the Desert of Maine. The entrance fee is $10 for adults and $5 for children.

The Desert of Maine is open from 9am to 5pm, haftada yedi gün. The last admission is at 4pm. Reservations are not required, you can purchase a ticket directly at the entrance or in advance through the official website.


Maine Desert FAQs

What is the Desert of Maine?

The Desert of Maine is a pseudo-desert, which means that it does not receive enough rainfall to support a desert ecosystem.

Yine de, it does have some of the characteristics of a desert, such as sand dunes and a lack of vegetation.

Where is the Desert of Maine located?

The Desert of Maine is located in Freeport, Maine, hakkında 10 Portland'dan kilometrelerce uzakta. It covers a 40-acre patch of sand dunes that sits in the middle of a lush forest.

What caused the Desert of Maine?

The Desert of Maine was formed by a combination of factors, including glaciers, rüzgâr, and erosion.

Glaciers deposited the sand that makes up the dunes, and wind has blown the sand into its current shape.

Erosion has also helped to create the dunes by wearing away at the surrounding bedrock.

Who owns the Desert of Maine?

itibariyle 2023, the Desert of Maine is owned by Mela and Doug Heestand. They purchased the Desert of Maine from the previous owners, Gary and Ginger Currens, in December 2020.

The Heestands have expressed their plans to revitalize the landmark, introduce new attractions, and focus on promoting arts and sciences.

They aim to create a destination that attracts more visitors and offers a range of activities, including camping, konserler, mini-golf, and scientific exploration.

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